Often asked: When Is Wheat Ready To Harvest In Texas?

April 29, 2021

According to a local agri-business, yields average 25 bushels per acre, test weight is good at 60 pounds per bushel, and protein is 15%.

May 4, 2021

Some wheat fields in the Rolling Plains were showing signs of rust, and dry windy weather caused wheat conditions to deteriorate in some areas. Wheat and oat crops in South Texas continued to mature, and fields were being prepared for harvest. Winter wheat in Southeast Texas was set back in some spots after heavy rains.

May 7, 2021

Around Dilley and Pearsall, where protein was 12-16% and test weight was 60 pounds per bushel, harvest was picking up. Uvalde Farmers Coop expected the first load over the weekend or Monday, while Cargill Houston said local harvest was still ten days away.

May 11, 2021

In the Rolling Plains, most wheat fields had reached the headed stage; in the Panhandle, winter wheat was in poor to good condition; in North Texas, freeze damage was visible, and English grain aphids were prevalent in some areas; and in the Far West, early planted wheat had been rolled up for hay.

May 12, 2021

Dryland wheat had a high protein content of 14.12%, an average test weight of 59.6 pounds, and a yield of 30 bushels per acre, which was slightly below average. A few loads were harvested near Uvalde, Texas, but rain postponed further harvesting until later in the week.

May 19, 2021

Winter wheat and oats that suffered freeze damage filled well in Central Texas, while peanut planting was delayed in South Texas due to rain, but wheat and oat harvest continued. Winter wheat condition ranged from poor to good in some areas of the Panhandle.

May 24, 2021

The crop was rated as excellent by 2%, good by 23%, fair by 41%, poor by 22%, and very poor by 12%.

May 26, 2021

Due to local forage and feed shortages, many producers in Central Texas were cutting for hay or silage. Winter wheat was behind schedule but beginning to turn in North Texas, while winter wheat was still being harvested or used as a cover crop in the far west.

May 28, 2021

The cool, rainy weather aided kernel development and prevented the spread of stripe and leaf rust, but there are concerns about bacterial diseases. Freeze damage continued to appear in the High Plains, with many areas of the state one to ten days behind schedule.

June 2, 2021

As the harvest progresses, elevators are beginning to test for sprout damage, and some producers are cutting soft red winter wheat. Winter wheat conditions in the Panhandle and Rolling Plains range from poor to good, and producers in North Texas require dry days to allow wheat fields to dry for harvest.

June 4, 2021

The harvest is progressing in south central and southeast Texas, but at a slower pace than usual. Sprout damage was minimal, and harvest was expected to take 10 to two weeks. Wheat streak mosaic virus was found in the High Plains, with test weights of 55-60 pounds per bushel.

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June 7, 2021

The crop was rated as excellent by 3%, good by 26%, fair by 42%, poor by 21%, and very poor by 8%.

June 8, 2021

Winter wheat and oats were mostly too wet to harvest in Central Texas, but producers in the Rolling Plains were about to begin harvesting wheat. Excess rains have producers worried about timely harvests to make way for hay production.

June 9, 2021

Sprout damage was reported, but it did not exceed 6%, with most cases falling within the range of 2-3%. Test weights were low, averaging 56-58 pounds per bushel. Harvest began in the Wichita Falls area, with protein averages of 11%, good test weights, and good yields.

June 11, 2021

According to the latest NNSA Crop Production and Supply Chain Report, Texas wheat production was estimated at 64.6 million bushels in June, with harvest progressing to 25% complete statewide.

June 14, 2021

According to the NASS, the crop was rated 2% excellent, 23% good, 46% fair, 22% poor, and 7% very poor.

June 15, 2021

In the New Braunfels/Waco area, severe sprout damage was affecting producers, with some cases reaching 19% and a test weight of 49 pounds per bushel; however, sprout was either slight or nonexistent outside of that area. In the Rolling Plains, test weights were good, yields were above average at 40-50 bushels per acre, and protein was average at 10.5%, although some producers were seeing up to 12%.

June 16, 2021

According to the Texas Crop and Weather Report, fields in Central Texas were starting to dry enough to allow winter wheat and oat harvests, with both crops looking remarkably good given the record amount of rain received over the previous three weeks. Wheat harvest was ramping up in the Rolling Plains in areas dry enough to access fields, with producers in Wilbarger County reporting 30-90 acreage harvested.

June 18, 2021

Plains Grains, Inc. received their first samples from Texas and expected to have quality data next week. Producers began cutting in the southern High Plains and were expected to move north over the weekend.

June 20, 2021

58% of the crop had been harvested, compared to a five-year average of 68%, according to the NASS Crop Progress and Condition Report, with the crop rated 4% excellent, 20% good, 44% fair, 22% poor, and 10% very poor.

June 22, 2021

According to the Texas Crop and Weather Report, following weeks of wet and humid conditions, growers in Central Texas reported declining wheat grain quality, with low levels of sprouting widely observed, which degrades quality and marketability. In the Rolling Plains, multiple rainfall events over the past six weeks caused wheat conditions to decline as farmers were unable to access fields for harvest.

June 23, 2021

Soft red winter wheat had low test weights. In the Northern Low Plains, yields were above-average at 50 bushels per acre, protein was average at 10%, and test weights were good at 60-61 pounds per bushel. In the High Plains, yields were good, with dryland wheat making up the majority of the crop.

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June 28, 2021

According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Crop Progress and Condition Report, 75% of the crop had been harvested, compared to an average of 82% over the previous five years.

June 30, 2021

According to the Texas Crop and Weather Report, winter wheat harvest was finally nearing completion in Central Texas, but the crop was weathered somewhat and will likely be downgraded. Wheat harvest was still way behind in the Rolling Plains, with plenty of wet spots in fields, downed wheat, and weed issues. Winter wheat and oat harvests continued in the Panhandle.

July 7, 2021

According to the Texas Crop and Weather Report, wheat was harvested in Central Texas, but quality and yields were disappointing. More rain, 2-8 inches in some areas, pushed wheat harvest even further behind, and the remaining wheat looked poor. Wheat producers reported below-average yields of 35-40 bushels per acre. Winter wheat and oat harvests continued in the Panhandle.

July 9, 2021

Plains Grains, Inc. samples revealed an average test weight of 62 pounds in the Low Plains, 61 pounds in the Rolling Plains, 60 pounds in the northwest Blacklands, and 61 pounds in the Panhandle, with average protein of 12.6% in the Low Plains, 10.4% in the Rolling Plains and northern Blacklands, and between 12.6% and 10.4% in the Rolling Plains and northern Blacklands.

July 12, 2021

94% of the crop had been harvested, according to the NASS Crop Progress and Condition Report, compared to a five-year average of 96%.

July 16, 2021

Final reports from the northern Panhandle were positive, with irrigated wheat yields ranging from 70 to 100 bushels per acre, with test weights ranging from 58 to 60 pounds per bushel. Protein levels were still variable, with the High Plains region averaging over 12%.

July 19, 2021

99% of the crop had been harvested, according to the NASS Crop Progress and Condition Report, compared to a five-year average of 99%.

How do you know when your wheat is ready to harvest?

Some wheat plants are harvested in the summer, while others are harvested in the fall. When the wheat plant reaches its final stage of growth, meaning it is dry enough and no green is visible, it is ready to be harvested with a combine, which combines reaping, threshing, and winnowing.

What month is wheat ready for harvest?

The wheat ripens, and the nutrients from the plant are transferred to the grain in the ear. These ‘ears’ appear in early June, and each ear of wheat has about 40 grains.

What time of year do farmers harvest wheat?

Mr Raynor also notes that he usually begins wheat harvest in August, but this year is an outlier because his winter barley, oilseed rape, and winter wheat harvests all began in July.

Are they harvesting wheat in Texas?

According to the NASS June Crop Production report, Texas wheat production was estimated at 64.6 million bushels, with harvest progressing to 25% complete statewide.

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Does wheat turn white when it is ready to harvest?

u2022 As wheat matures, some plants in the field may develop an off-white color similar to take-all, which is premature dying caused by drowning, hot dry winds, or other stresses. The pattern of off-colored heads will often follow soil types or topography.

What happens to wheat after it is harvested?

The harvested grain is sold to a local grain elevator at market price, after which it is sold to flour millers for domestic consumption or loaded onto ships bound for overseas markets. Flour mills grind the grain into various types of flour, such as whole wheat, all-purpose, and bread flour.

Why is growing wheat illegal?

To artificially inflate commercial wheat prices, a law was enacted in the 1930s prohibiting US citizens from growing wheat at home unless the crop was properly documented and the associated fees were paid on an annual basis (surprise surprise).

How long does it take for wheat to harvest?

It’s planted in the fall, usually between October and December, and grows over the winter to be harvested in the spring or early summer; it takes about seven to eight months to mature, and it makes a lovely golden contrast in spring gardens.

Does wheat grow back every year?

Perennial wheat is generally a weak perennial, as current lines of the crop only regrow two times; researchers are working on developing stronger perennials that will regrow multiple times. Perennial wheat is planted at the same time as annual wheat, and the plants grow similarly at first.

What happens to wheat if it is not harvested?

Wheat harvesting is postponed, putting the crop at risk of disease, lodging, sprouting, and harvest loss.

Does wheat grow back after cutting?

Regrowth. After breaking winter dormancy in the spring, the wheat begins to regrow quickly, and Reich harvests it for hay in early to mid-July, just as the heads begin to emerge. u201cI can bale the hay two days after cutting,u201d Reich says.

What month is rice harvested?

According to the harvesting season, winter (kharif) rice is sown in June-July and harvested in November-December, accounting for approximately 84% of the country’s rice crop. Medium to long duration varieties are grown in this season.

What does Texas grow the most?

Cotton, hay, sheep, goats, mohair, and horses are among Texas’ top crops, as are vegetables, citrus, corn, wheat, peanuts, pecans, sorghum, and rice. Texas is also a major exporter of agricultural commodities.

What is the most profitable crop to grow in Texas?

Wheat for grain is one of the most valuable cash crops in the state, with cotton, hay, and corn surpassing wheat in 2018. Wheat pastures also provide significant winter forage for cattle, which is reflected in the value of livestock produced.

What does California grow the most of?

California produces nearly all of the country’s almonds, apricots, dates, figs, kiwi fruit, nectarines, olives, pistachios, prunes, and walnuts, as well as avocados, grapes, lemons, melons, peaches, plums, and strawberries, with only Florida producing more oranges.

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