Wheat production in the United States
Wheat is grown in almost every state in the United States, with winter wheat accounting for 70 to 80 percent of total production. The US hard red spring wheat crop is exported to over 70 countries each year, with 50% of total production valued at $9 billion.
Wheat was first introduced to the Western Hemisphere after the discovery of the New World in the 15th century. In 1830, it took four people and two oxen, working 10 hours a day, to produce 200 bushels of wheat. Steam-powered threshing machines replaced flails, and wheat production in the United States more than tripled between 1871 and 1921.
Winter wheat is raised by planting in the fall and harvesting in the spring in the southern United States states of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Nebraska, and Colorado. It is difficult to grow in parts of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Minnesota due to harsh cold weather conditions.
Classification and uses
Winter wheat and spring wheat are the two main types of wheat grown in the United States, depending on the climate. 36% of wheat is consumed domestically, 50% is exported, 10% is used for livestock feed, and 4% is used for seedlings.
In 1941, the wheat industry began to adopt voluntary widespread enrichment (fortification) of wheat flour with vitamins, folic acid, and iron; by 1942, about 75% of breads in the United States had been fortified, and mandatory fortification requirements were enacted in 1943.
The United States Food Administration set a basic price of $2.20 per bushel during World War I, and the McNaryu2013Haugen Farm Relief Bill failed in Congress. Between 1995 and 2012, the federal government paid over $39 billion in wheat subsidies.
The United States is a major wheat-producing country, with output typically only surpassed by China, the European Union, and India. Wheat ranked third among U.S. field crops in terms of planted acreage and gross farm income during the first decade of the 2000s.
Despite the fact that the US’s share of the world market has decreased due to competition from other countries, producers continue to increase exports because domestic prices are not competitive. The PL 480 (Public Law 480) is one of the most widely criticized export policies in the world.
Bin-buster: A Pictorial Story of the 1952 Wheat Crop – published by the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, 1952. Retrieved from “https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wheat_production_in_the_United_States.”
Who buys the most US wheat?
According to export data compiled by the US Department of Agriculture, Mexico remained the largest market for US wheat in 2020-21, with China, the Philippines, Japan, and the Republic of Korea rounding out the top five markets for US wheat in 2020-21, in order of import volume.
Who buys our wheat?
The majority of Australian wheat is exported, with Western Australia being the leading exporter; major export markets include Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Sudan in Asia and the Middle East.
Is China buying US wheat?
China and the United States signed a trade agreement in January 2020, and nine months into the 2020/21 wheat marketing year, which began on June 1, 2020, China’s purchases of all U.S. wheat classes have reached a seven-year high of 2.9 million tonnes, according to USDA’s weekly export sales data.
Do people buy wheat?
U.S. Wheat does not buy or sell wheat directly, but it does assist others in learning how to do so. Visit U.S. Wheat’s online buyer’s guide to learn more about the wheat purchasing process in the United States.
Does the US import wheat?
Imports of wheat grain, primarily from Canada, have increased from less than 0.1 million metric tons in the 1970s to an average of 2.7 million metric tons in the last decade. Imports of wheat products, primarily pasta and noodles from Canada, the European Union, and Asia, have also increased.
Where is the largest market for wheat?
In terms of wheat production and consumption, Asia-Pacific is the largest and fastest-growing market, with China and India dominating the region. In 2019, China was the world’s leading country for wheat consumption (137 million metric tons).
How long does it take for wheat to grow?
It’s planted in the fall, usually between October and December, and grows over the winter to be harvested in the spring or early summer; it takes about seven to eight months to mature, and it makes a lovely golden contrast in spring gardens.
How much money does the wheat industry make?
According to ABARES data, an average of 12.3 million hectares of wheat were planted per year from 2013u201314 to 2017u201318, resulting in an average annual production of 25.3 million tonnes valued at $7.1 billion and exports of 17.9 million tonnes valued at $5.6 billion.
What are the different uses for wheat?
Most wheat is milled into flour, which is then used to make breads, muffins, noodles, pasta, biscuits, cakes, cookies, pastries, cereal bars, sweet and savory snack foods, and crackers, among other things.
How much grain does China buy from the US?
China will import 17.5 million tonnes of corn from all origins in 2020-21, according to the USDA’s January World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report, up 9.9 million tonnes, or 130%, from 7.6 million tonnes in 2019-20 and 4.48 million tonnes in 2018-19.
Does China grow wheat?
Wheat is the second most common grain crop in China, grown in most parts of the country but especially on the North China Plain, the Wei and Fen River valleys on the Loess plateau, and the provinces of Jiangsu, Hubei, and Sichuan.
Do we export wheat to China?
Wheat is used to make basic foodstuffs in China, such as noodles, dumplings, buns, and pastries, and sales to China have remained strong, albeit down from a record high of $248 million in December, which was Australia’s highest-ever monthly wheat export to any single country.
Can I buy wheat directly from farmers?
The FPOs, which are divided into two categories, will be eligible to purchase 60 quintal of wheat from farmers, according to the document. Speaking to TOI, additional chief secretary, agriculture, Devesh Chaturvedi said that farmers who are members of FPOs can directly purchase the crop from other farmers.
When should I sell wheat?
The best strategy was to sell all of the wheat at harvest; however, some producers use a three-tiered selling strategy: one-third at harvest, one-third in late September and early October, and the final third in November/December, allowing them to always be right.