Dry weather spells trouble for US spring wheat crop; damage concerns emerge
The country’s spring wheat crop is likely to be harmed by persistent dryness and drought-like conditions in most parts of the country.
Weather outlook no comfort
In the Western and Northeastern United States, above-normal temperatures and below-normal precipitation are expected over the next three months, leaving farmers unsure of how much spring wheat they will be able to produce, as well as what protein levels they will be able to offer, as dry conditions tend to increase protein levels.
Concerns over abandonment
According to the US Wheat Associates report, “the spring planted wheat has had so little moisture that some farmers may not have any harvest.” If rainfall does not increase in the coming weeks, some farmers may choose to abandon their crops, but it is difficult to estimate how widespread this would be.
Global supply could tighten
Lower US production, Russian export restrictions, and drought conditions in Canada could constrain spring wheat supplies. The US, Canada, and Russia are the top three producers and exporters of spring wheat, and demand is expected to be strong in 2020-21, according to US Wheat Associates.
Can wheat be too dry?
There is a potential downside to harvesting dry wheatu2014or any grainu2014when the crop remains in the field for too long. The standard moisture for wheat grain at harvest time is 13.5%, and if your wheat moisture is above 13.5%, you will be docked for the moisture. There is another potential downside to harvesting dry wheatu2014or any grainu2014when the crop remains in the field for too long.
What weather is best for wheat?
Wheat grows best in temperatures ranging from 70 to 75 degrees F (21 to 24 degrees C), but not too hot; it also requires a lot of sunlight, especially when the grains are filling; and areas with low humidity are preferable because many wheat diseases thrive in damp weather.
What happens when it rains before the harvesting of wheat?
u201cIf the rain continues, it may cause physical damage to the biologically perfect crop, particularly the late-sown crop, as lodging and blackening of the grains will spoil it,u201d he said.
Does rain ruin wheat harvest?
However, with many New South Wales growers just weeks away from their first harvest in four years, the timing of rain could ruin the crops they’ve been nurturing for months. “Every week [without rain], you lose a certain amount [of yield].”
What moisture is considered dry for wheat?
Wheat with a moisture content of less than 14.6% is considered dry enough for long-term storage and can be sold without a price discount; wheat with a moisture content of 14.6 to 17.0% is graded tough and must be dried to 14.6% to be stored safely.
What temperature should you dry wheat at?
Wheat has a higher resistance to airflow than corn, but dries at nearly the same rate. To avoid damage to milling quality, drying air temperatures for commercial wheat should be kept below 140u00b0F, while seed wheat should be dried at 110u00b0F or lower.
Is growing wheat illegal?
Commercial wheat operations, which rely heavily on commercial pesticides and fertilizers for production, are often very traumatic to otherwise fertile land, making it illegal to grow wheat at home.
In which month wheat is grown?
Wheat is grown in India during the winter or rabi season, with the crop being sown in November-December and harvested in April, except in parts of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, where the crop is sown a little earlier and the harvest is either due or underway.
Who is the largest producer of wheat?
China is the world’s leading wheat producer, with 134,250 thousand tonnes produced in 2020, accounting for 20.66% of global wheat production, with the top five countries (India, the Russian Federation, the United States of America, and Canada) accounting for 63.46%.
What happens when wheat gets wet?
Simply put, the rain washes the seed so thoroughly and aggressively that it begins to lose weight, and the lighter each seed becomes, the fewer tonnes of grain you will have at the end of the day.
What would have happened if the wheat crop does not get proper rain at the time of growing season?
If wheat is planted during the Kharif season (June to October), the entire crop may be destroyed due to a variety of factors such as a lack of optimal temperature, adaptability, pest availability, and so on. The Kharif season also includes the rainy season, which is not conducive to wheat crop growth.
Do not thresh when the crops are too wet?
If the crop is too wet to thresh, it will need to dry out before you can start your harvester; you may even receive a warning that the crop is too wet to thresh; you can drive your combine in the field, but it will not cut anything.
How long after rain can you harvest?
Farmers should wait at least 24 hours after a rain or irrigation event to harvest, according to a new study published in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology. This will protect consumers from foodborne illness.
Is it advisable to harvest in rain?
Keep your crops out of the rain, especially those that are ready to harvest, because moisture on the farm’s produce can lead to microbial growth, which can lead to fungus and mould.
Do farmers work in the rain?
Farmers can use rainy days to work on important crop insurance paperwork to ensure they are covered for the year, as well as to work on their computers or iPads and use their farm management software.