Guides and Resources: Bluebook Basics: Introduction to Bluebooking
The Bluebook, now in its 21st edition, is a uniform citation system that distinguishes between non-academic and academic citation. Keep in mind that you are learning the skill of finding and reading a set of rules, understanding them, and applying them to your situation.
When a case citation includes cites to the same case published in multiple reporters, it is known as a parallel citation. Bluebook Rule 10.3.1 states that if a document is filed in state court, the author must follow local court rules.
How do you cite old English cases?
Cases without a neutral citation are typically those that predate 2001, i.e. older cases. Include the following information in your reference: ‘Name of case’ (year), title of law report, volume number, and page numbers.
How do you cite a case?
Details to include in Cases are:
- Reurich v Sureway Employment and Training Pty Ltd (2018) FCA 680.
- Year (in round brackets).
- Volume number.
- Reporter abbreviation.
- First page number. e.g. Reurich v Sureway Employment and Training Pty Ltd (2018) FCA 680.
Can you cite to unreported cases?
Although technology has made it easier than ever to find a court opinion, California’s rules prohibiting citation to unpublished authorities have not kept pace. Unpublished opinions may not be cited in California state courts, with a few exceptions.
When would you use a parallel citation?
When the same case is printed in two or more different reporters, a parallel citation is used to refer to the location information for more than one source of the case.
What does Ewca stand for?
The various Divisions are indicated in brackets after the judgment number. EWCA Crim: England and Wales Court of Appeal (Criminal Division); EWCA Civ: England and Wales Court of Appeal (Civil Division); EWHC: England and Wales High Court; the various Divisions are indicated in brackets after the judgment number.
What is a legal citation example?
Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479, 480 (1965), is an example of a legal citation.
What does a case citation look like?
The names of the parties to the lawsuit, the volume number of the reporter containing the full text of the case, the page number on which the case begins, the year the case was decided; and occasionally.
What does it mean to cite a case?
Case citation is a method used by lawyers to locate past court decisions, either in a series of books known as reporters or law reports, or in a neutral style that identifies a decision regardless of where it is reported. Report title.
Do unreported cases have authority?
Unreported decisions Although an unreported case can be used as authority, it is less convincing than a reported decision.
Why are some cases not reported?
In the common law system, each judicial decision becomes part of the body of law used in future decisions, so an unpublished opinion is a decision of a court that is not available for citation as precedent because the court deems the case to have insufficient precedential value.
Can you cite to a slip copy?
In accordance with Bluebook Rule B10.1.4 and Rule 10.8. 1(b), you may cite a slip opinion in your brief.
What is a parallel citation example?
When reported cases are found in one of several reporters with a volume and page number, a parallel citation is made. [i] For example: 213 [volume] Mich App [reporter] 389 [first page], 401 [page cited].
How do you write a parallel citation?
The following five elements make up a parallel citation to a state court case:
- Official state reporter (volume, reporter abbreviation, and first page of the case)
- Regional reporter (volume, reporter abbreviation, and first page of the case)
- Name of the case (underlined or italicized and abbreviated according to Rule 10.2)
How do you know if a case has a parallel citation?
Look up the case in a commercial database such as Westlaw, Lexis, or Nexis Uni, which all provide parallel citations for any given case.