Assessment of wheat’s water footprint and virtual water trade: a case study for Turkey
Researchers at the Unesco-IHE Institute for Water Education in Delft, The Netherlands, looked at the virtual water content and carbon footprint of biofuel consumption in Spain and Switzerland, fortunately there are substitutes for water, otherwise our hydropolitical futures would be impossible.
In which age did the production of wheat start?
Wheat was first cultivated in the Fertile Crescent around 9600 BCE, according to archaeological evidence. Wheat is a type of fruit known as a caryopsis, and it is grown on more land than any other food crop (220.4 million hectares in 2014).
When did wheat come to India?
Excavations at Sonegaon (1340-1290 B.C.) and Inamgaon (1370-1025 B.C.) sites in Maharashtra revealed wheat grains were known to the inhabitants since 1900 B.C. (Agrawal and Kusumgar, 1969).
Where is wheat native to?
Wheat is thought to have originated in the Tigris and Euphrates river valley, near what is now Iraq, and was given the common name “cereal” by the Roman goddess Ceres, who was regarded as the grain’s protector.
How did wheat spread around the world?
Wheat and barley traveled from southwest Asia to Europe, India, and China, while broom and foxtail millet traveled from China to the West. Rice traveled across East, South, and Southeast Asia, while African millets and sorghum crossed the Indian Ocean, according to Liu.
Which country is the world’s leading wheat producer?
China is the world’s leading wheat producer, with 134,250 thousand tonnes produced in 2020, accounting for 20.66% of global wheat production, with the top five countries (India, the Russian Federation, the United States of America, and Canada) accounting for 63.46%.
What is the oldest grain in the world?
Farro Monococcum is the oldest grain that has survived to this day.
Which state is the largest producer of wheat in India?
After a year, Punjab has surpassed Iowa as the leading wheat-producing state, despite farmers protesting three central laws near Delhi’s borders since November last year.
Who invented wheat in India?
MMS Swaminathan, along with Norman Bolaug and other scientists, developed HYV wheat seeds in the 1960s, when India was on the verge of a mass famine.
Who brought wheat to America?
In the early 1500s, Spanish explorers brought wheat to Mexico, where it spread to the southwestern United States, and other explorers brought wheat grains to the eastern coast of the United States, where colonists u2014 including President George Washington u2014 grew it as one of their main cash crops.
Why is wheat important for us?
Wheat, in addition to being a major source of starch and energy, also contains significant amounts of protein, vitamins (particularly B vitamins), dietary fiber, and phytochemicals, all of which are essential or beneficial to one’s health.
Why is wheat healthy?
In addition to the above nutrients, enriched wheat flour may be a good source of iron, thiamine, niacin, calcium, and vitamin B6, while whole wheat may be a good source of selenium, manganese, phosphorus, copper, and folate.
Why is wheat so common?
Wheat made our list because it’s one of three crops (the other two are maize and rice) that have provided the calories that have allowed the world’s population to reach ten billion people; wheat is now grown on more land than any other food crop on the planet.
Is wheat man made?
True, modern bread wheat is entirely a result of human intervention; it’s known as semi-dwarf wheat because the plant is much shorter and the grain is much smaller than its forerunners. Wheat domestication was a significant step in human society’s transition from a hunter-gatherer to an agrarian model.