Winter wheat – Wikipedia
Winter wheat is planted in the autumn to germinate and develop into young plants that remain in the vegetative phase during the winter and resume growth in the early spring. So-called “facultative” varieties can be grown as either a winter or a spring wheat.
Winter wheat grows best in high-drainage soil with a medium texture and an adequate supply of nitrogen, with a firm seedbed protecting the wheat over the winter. Winter wheat is grown as a cash crop or a cover crop in many parts of the world.
Benefits of growing winter wheat
Winter wheat prevents soil erosion over the winter when used as a cover crop. Winter wheat out-competes many weed varieties. Helps build soil (through heavy production of organic material) and cycle nutrients through soil. Uses soil moisture more efficiently because it starts growing earlier in the spring.
Winter wheat was introduced to Kansas by German-Russian Mennonites in the 19th century, and Bernhard Warkentin and Mark A. Carleton were instrumental in its commercialization. Winter wheat production quickly spread across the Great Plains.
Winterweizen: Das Handbuch fu00fcr Profis, Olaf Christen, ed., DLG-Verlags-GmbH, ISBN 978-3-7690-0719-0, http://www.amazon.com/Winterweizen-Das-Handbuch-Forschungsgeschichte/Bundeskreiszeitschrift fu00fcr Physiotherapie, 1st ed., Berlin: Darm
What is the best time to plant winter wheat?
Winter wheat is seeded in a shallow seedbed in late August or early September to allow the plant access to enough water to germinate quickly and grow for four to five weeks.
How late can I plant winter wheat?
Growers must pay close attention to the temperature and weather forecast to determine when it is too late to plant winter wheat.
What month is wheat planted in?
Winter wheat is typically planted in the Northern Hemisphere from September to November and harvested in the summer or early autumn of the following year; however, in some places (e.g. Chile), a winter wheat crop can fully ‘complete’ in a year before harvest. Winter wheat yields more than spring wheat.
Can you plant winter wheat in August?
Harvesting winter wheat in the fall should occur around the time of normal planting to allow adequate regrowth and root reserve build up. Planting winter wheat in the middle of the summer is not generally recommended for grain production due to potential disease and insect problems.
Is it illegal to grow wheat at home?
Commercial wheat operations, which rely heavily on commercial pesticides and fertilizers for production, are often very traumatic to otherwise fertile land, making it illegal to grow wheat at home.
How deep should you plant winter wheat?
Seed winter wheat at a 1- to 1.5-inch soil depth to facilitate rapid emergence; seeding deeper than an inch deep puts the crowns at risk of winter kill, while seeding shallower than an inch deep delays emergence.
Will winter wheat reseed itself?
Alternatively, it will eventually seed itself out, though in my experience with food plots, birds and turkeys will eat 99.367% of the seed before it reaches the ground.
Can you plant winter wheat without tilling?
Many winter wheat fields are no-till production systems, which means that the residue from the previous crop remains on the soil surface at the time of wheat planting. Proper seeding depth and rate are especially important and challenging in no-till production systems.
Can wheat grow in cold weather?
Winter wheat can withstand freezing temperatures for long periods of time during the early vegetative stage, but it requires exposure to freezing or near freezing temperatures to trigger the reproductive stage; in other words, winter wheat will not produce seed if it is not exposed to cold temperatures.
What is the best time to plant wheat?
Sow in late summer or early fall for an overwintered crop; spring wheat can be planted while the soil is still cool. Broadcast seed about 3 inches (7 cm) apart and one-half inch (1 cm) deep into cultivated soil.
Does wheat grow back every year?
Perennial wheat is generally a weak perennial, as current lines of the crop only regrow two times; researchers are working on developing stronger perennials that will regrow multiple times. Perennial wheat is planted at the same time as annual wheat, and the plants grow similarly at first.
How many times can wheat be harvested?
It is a Rabi crop that is sown in the winter and harvested in the spring, so the seeds are sown in the winter from October to December, and it takes 7-8 months for a wheat crop to mature before it can be harvested from February to May.
What happens if you plant winter wheat too early?
Early planting also increases the risk of fall foliar diseases such as powdery mildew, leaf spots, and leaf rust, which can cause significant damage, especially if the winter is mild.
Will wheat regrow after cutting?
Regrowth. After breaking winter dormancy in the spring, the wheat begins to regrow quickly, and Reich harvests it for hay in early to mid-July, just as the heads begin to emerge. u201cI can bale the hay two days after cutting,u201d Reich says.
Do Whitetails like winter wheat?
Winter wheat is an excellent cool-season forage for white-tailed deer because it contains more than 20% crude protein and contains less than 25% acid detergent fiber, making it highly digestible.