Winter wheat is planted in the autumn to germinate and develop into young plants that remain in the vegetative phase during the winter and resume growth in the early spring. So-called “facultative” varieties can be grown as either a winter or a spring wheat.
Winter wheat grows best in high-drainage soil with a medium texture and an adequate supply of nitrogen, with a firm seedbed protecting the wheat over the winter. Winter wheat is grown as a cash crop or a cover crop in many parts of the world.
Benefits of growing winter wheat
Winter wheat prevents soil erosion over the winter when used as a cover crop. Winter wheat out-competes many weed varieties. Helps build soil (through heavy production of organic material) and cycle nutrients through soil. Uses soil moisture more efficiently because it starts growing earlier in the spring.
Winter wheat was introduced to Kansas by German-Russian Mennonites in the 19th century, and Bernhard Warkentin and Mark A. Carleton were instrumental in its commercialization. Winter wheat production quickly spread across the Great Plains.
Winterweizen: Das Handbuch fu00fcr Profis, Olaf Christen, ed., DLG-Verlags-GmbH, ISBN 978-3-7690-0719-0, http://www.amazon.com/Winterweizen-Das-Handbuch-Forschungsgeschichte/Bundeskreiszeitschrift fu00fcr Physiotherapie, 1st ed., Berlin: Darm
What month does winter wheat grow?
When to Plant Winter Wheat The best time to plant winter wheat is from mid-September to early-December, when this hardy annual cereal grain can be found at farm supply stores, online, and in some garden centers.
What is the best time to plant winter wheat?
Winter wheat is seeded in a shallow seedbed in late August or early September to allow the plant access to enough water to germinate quickly and grow for four to five weeks.
When would you plant and harvest winter wheat?
Winter wheat is planted in the fall and harvested in the summer; it requires a strong root system and the start of shoots before the cold weather arrives. Spring wheat is planted as soon as possible in the spring and harvested in the late summer.
How late can winter wheat be planted?
Growers must pay close attention to the temperature and weather forecast to determine when it is too late to plant winter wheat.
Is growing wheat illegal?
Commercial wheat operations, which rely heavily on commercial pesticides and fertilizers for production, are often very traumatic to otherwise fertile land, making it illegal to grow wheat at home.
Does winter wheat come back every year?
Winter wheat is typically planted in the Northern Hemisphere from September to November and harvested in the summer or early autumn the following year; however, facultative varieties can be grown as either winter or spring wheat depending on sowing time.
How many pounds of wheat should be planted per acre?
This equates to a range of 74 to 119 pounds of seed per acre, depending on varietal seed size (Table 2). The optimal seeding rate for wheat planted after October 1st should be increased incrementally as the planting date is delayed to compensate for reduced fall tillering (Table 1).
Do Whitetails like winter wheat?
Winter wheat is an excellent cool-season forage for white-tailed deer because it contains more than 20% crude protein and contains less than 25% acid detergent fiber, making it highly digestible.
How deep do you plant winter wheat?
Seed winter wheat at a 1- to 1.5-inch soil depth to facilitate rapid emergence; seeding deeper than an inch deep puts the crowns at risk of winter kill, while seeding shallower than an inch deep delays emergence.
How many times can wheat be harvested?
It is a Rabi crop that is sown in the winter and harvested in the spring, so the seeds are sown in the winter from October to December, and it takes 7-8 months for a wheat crop to mature before it can be harvested from February to May.
What happens to wheat after it is harvested?
The harvested grain is sold to a local grain elevator at market price, after which it is sold to flour millers for domestic consumption or loaded onto ships bound for overseas markets. Flour mills grind the grain into various types of flour, such as whole wheat, all-purpose, and bread flour.
Does wheat grow back every year?
Perennial wheat is generally a weak perennial, as current lines of the crop only regrow two times; researchers are working on developing stronger perennials that will regrow multiple times. Perennial wheat is planted at the same time as annual wheat, and the plants grow similarly at first.
Will winter wheat reseed itself?
Alternatively, it will eventually seed itself out, though in my experience with food plots, birds and turkeys will eat 99.367% of the seed before it reaches the ground.
Can you plant winter wheat without tilling?
Many winter wheat fields are no-till production systems, which means that the residue from the previous crop remains on the soil surface at the time of wheat planting. Proper seeding depth and rate are especially important and challenging in no-till production systems.
Will winter wheat grow after a frost?
Temperatures that cause freeze injury to winter wheat at various growth stages. Winter wheat quickly loses hardiness during spring growth and is easily injured by late freezes.